web app development

How To Choose Web Development Technology Stack?

Discover the best Technology Stack for Web Development for 2024 in this comprehensive blog. Learn what a Technology Stack is and the crucial steps to consider when choosing the right one for your web development project. Stay ahead of the game, make informed decisions, and unleash the full potential of your web development endeavors with the perfect Technology Stack.

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Last Updated On : 01 February, 2024

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7 min read

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Before launching every IT project, there are many plans and decision-making processes. This planning phase is critical and can have a significant impact on the future of the project. However, choosing the right tech stack for web development can affect development time, cost, application quality, and scalability, which is why it’s important to make the right decision.

Indeed, choosing a correct web application technology stack is a tough decision to make and you cannot mess it up. So in this blog, you are going to finally receive the answer to the biggest query of all time. How to choose the right technology stack for my web development? 

Below is also the list of top technology stacks to choose from.  Or if you are looking for basics like what a technology stack is? or how it can help you? 

Then this piece of ours is assuredly going into your bookmark stuff. 

So let us just lay the groundwork here for you with the very basic question: what is a technology stack for web development? 

What is a Technology Stack for Web Development?

A tech stack or technology stack for web development is a combination of databases, programming languages, and frameworks used in the creation of websites or web applications.

The technology stack for web application development is usually a mix of front-end and back-end (going to explain later) that include:

Programming languages

Languages are used to communicate instructions in a way that is understandable by the computer.

The Framework

These are libraries of codes written by developers and can help in app development without starting from scratch.

Web server /HTTP servers

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server handles the requests such as file downloads & exchange of emails.

Databases

The databases are used in data storage & organization. Later on, the data can be updated, managed, and retrieved in various ways.

Operating System

It manages the software, hardware, and other applications or resources of a computer.

 

Selecting the right technology stack can be challenging, particularly for small businesses and startups. So before choosing the technology stacks it is necessary for you to have the basic knowledge of front-end and back-end. 

Below is rudimentary knowledge of front-end and back-end technology stacks. Also, this knowledge will help you avoid the challenges that come with the development of web apps. 

frontend and backend

Frontend Technology Stack

The frontend tech stack is the user/client side of the application. This refers to anything a user views and engages with on a screen. The chief purpose of the front-end stack is to create an awesome user experience, on-point internal structures, and an easy-to-use user interface. 

In short, it is responsible for the designing, formatting, and navigation of web apps or websites.

Three Elements of a Frontend Stack

Here are three elements of the frontend tech stack.

(Hypertext Markup Language) HTML

HTML is a markup language that is used to create and display electronic documents (web pages). They are the key to the content placement and management on a web page.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) 

CSS is used for the layout and format of web pages including font styles, sizes, colors, layout, etc. Mostly, the developers also use frameworks like LESS & SASS to make the CSS more manageable.

JavaScript 

It makes web pages more interactive and allows them to implement dynamic features with common frameworks & libraries. Like jQuery, React, Vue, and Angular. 

However, many modern applications now use Typescript rather than Java Script.

 

The front end is an important part of the web app development technology stack. But for the inner workings of a website or app, you need a robust backend too. Think of it as a power station that is going to power the whole system ⚡.

Backend Technology Stack

The backend tech stack is the server side of software development. It attributes to the inner workings of the website or app mostly invisible to the user. The backend tech stack aims to make sure that the operations within the app run properly and smoothly.

Four Elements of Backend Stack

Here are the Four elements of the backend stack.

Programming languages

It creates the logic for the website and apps. The code links the website and the database. Some examples are JavaScript, Python, and PHP.

Framework

Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails (RoR) are a few popular frameworks. The frameworks support the apps based on single programming languages. 

Databases

Most apps need NoSQL or SQL databases. MongoDB, My SQL, and PostgreSQL are popular databases.

Web Servers

The backend servers are required to manage client requests. Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS) are popular and most commonly used web servers.


Read about popular JavaScript back-end and front-end frameworks here

Different tech stacks can be used for web app development. Below are the most popular tech stacks.

technology stacks for web development

How to Choose Tech Stack for Your Web Development?

Selecting the best technology stack for your web applications can be an arduous task. It requires full deliberation and dedication of your time. So to shorten your effort here, there are some parameters below that can help you pick the right technology stack for web application development. 

1. Analyze Your Needs

Before choosing a technology stack it is important that you first give full consideration to the thought i.e. what are the tools that you require to fulfill your vision.

2. Market Research

Do a thorough market research-meaning investigate your competitor and look for the unmet needs as opportunities, your strengths, and your target audience.

3. Growth Strategy

Select the tool which can support your growing customer base without the loss of quality and control and also provides you room for growth.

4. Security & Safety

Security and safety should be your utmost concern so select the tool that can safeguard your web application and user data.

5. Budget-friendly

In the market, some technology stacks have expensive hosting or require other resources. Yet, your interest lies where the financial cost of your product is justified.

6. Product Viability

The best strategy here is to first make a prototype of your product aka MVP and then test it with the target audience to see its utility.

Read everything about the web app development process, features, design cost structure, and trends. 

List of Tech Stacks For Web Development

Here is the list of modern web development stacks to save you time and your finances. Have a look at them and select the best one from the below for your next big project.

1. LAMP

The LAMP is the most classy technology stack present in the market that powers several giants. Such as Facebook, Wikipedia, and Tumblr.

The LAMP stack consists of:

  • Linux (OS)

  • Apache (server)

  • MySQL (database)

  • PHP/Perl/Python (programming language)

  • Linux (OS)

Linux OS is an open-source platform that forms the foundation of the LAMP stack. It’s free & easily customizable with a huge developer community & extensive documentation.

  • Apache

This is fast, secure, reliable,& can handle large amounts of traffic & data. It is a cross-platform and open-source HTTP server that can optimize its performance as required.

  • MySQL

MySQL is a relational database management system (secure data in tabular format). It is a scalable & open-source platform that can handle a vast amount of data. 

  • PHP/Python/Perl

PHP is the most common programming language used with the LAMP stack and is compatible with all servers virtually. It’s easy to learn, with a range of libraries and frameworks. 

Perl and Python are also used in place of PHP.

 

  • Python: It’s highly popular among developers for its readability, easy use, and comprehensibility.

  • Perl: A robust, high level & object-oriented language with difficult syntax complex for beginners.

2. MEAN

MEAN stack is a JavaScript web framework that was used in the development of YouTube, Netflix, and PayPal. It is great for developers who are already familiar with JavaScript or want to expedite their development process. 

The MEAN stack consists of: 

  • Node.js (server)

  • MongoDB (database)

  • Express.js (web framework for Node.js)

  • Angular.js (framework)

  • Node.js

Node.js is an asynchronous server, which is memory efficient and open-source cross-platform. It runs on Windows, Linux, macOS, etc.

  • MongoDB

MongoDB stores a large amount of data in addition to facilitating fast data exchanges between server and client-side and is also cloud compatible.

  • Express.js

This back-end web framework runs on a Node.js server & excels at URL routing & handling HTTP requests. It receives JSON documents from the web framework & processes them so they can be stored in MongoDB.

  • Angular.js

It is an efficient, open-source, & full-length front-end framework. Although it is not strongly connected with the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture.

3. Django

It is a Python web development framework that is flexible & easy to use. It encourages the rapid development of well-organized code. Famous platforms like Instagram and Pinterest are built on it- however, Pinterest moved to Flask.

PS: The Django stack will always have Python & Django but the server and database can vary depending on the preferences.

  • Django (web framework)

  • Python (programming language)

  • MySQL (database)

  • Apache (server)

  • Django Web Framework

It is compatible with various web hosting providers and databases. Also, provides an admin panel, ORM, templates, authentication (via a package), and more.

  • Python

Python is widely used in machine learning applications and also in scientific and numeric computing. It is highly extensible, versatile, and easy to use.

  • Apache

It's a fast, secure, and reliable open-source HTTP server that can handle a large amount of data. It is customizable & improves its performance as required.

  • MySQL

It is a relational database management system (RDBMS) meaning it stores & presents the data in table form. MySQL is open source and deals with large data.

4. MERN

The MEAN stack is quite similar to the MEVN and MEAN stacks and uses React JavaScript library as its front-end framework. This stack is used by famous companies like Facebook, Dropbox, and Airbnb.

The MERN stack consists of:

  • MongoDB (database)

  • React (front-end framework)

  • Express.js (web framework for Node.js)

  • Node.js (server)

  • MongoDB 

It is an open-source database that stores large amounts of data and facilitates efficient data exchange between client & server side, & is cloud compatible.

  • Express.js

Express.js receives JSON documents from the web framework and processes them so that they can be stored in MongoDB.It excels at URL routing & handling HTTP requests.

  • React

It is used as a front-end framework for MERN and uses a component library which makes it easy to reuse the code across all different parts of your application. 

  • Node.js

Node.js  is an asynchronous event-driven JavaScript runtime environment. It’s memory efficient because of being an asynchronous server.

5. MEVN

It utilizes Vue.Js as its front-end framework,  which is a JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces. It has made websites like Alibaba, Behance & GitLab.

The MEVN stack comprises:

  • MongoDB (database)

  • Express.js (web framework for Node.js)

  • Node.js (server)

  • Vue.js (front-end framework)

  • MongoDB

It is an open-source database that stores JSON documents originating from the front-end framework (here from React) after they have been processed by Express.js.

  • Express.js

Express is a back-end framework that runs on a Node.js server. It receives documents from web frameworks and processes them so they can be stored in MongoDB.

  • Vue.js

Vue.js has intuitive and easy-to-read syntax and it is a progressive framework based on MVVM architecture. So adding new features is a simple process. 

  • Node.js

Node.js is an asynchronous server and its memory efficient. In addition to the fact that it is open-source and cross-platform (running Windows, Linux, macOS, etc).

Unleash the Power of Perfect Tech Stack!

With InvoZone Revolutionize Your Web Development Journey.

Schedule a call

With InvoZone: Find Your Perfect Tech Stack For Web Development!

If you are not sure which technology stack will be the perfect match to develop your web application, Contact Us. Our lead software architects will carefully analyze your project requirements and recommend the right front-end technology stack.

 

FAQS Section

What are web technology stacks?

The web technology stack is a collection of software used for web development. It includes a programming language, operating system, database software, and web server (at a minimum).

Which tech stack is best for web development?

Every tech stack is different with different functions so the best stack is the one that serves your web development needs.

What stacks are there for web development?

Here are the top tech stacks to consider

 

  • LAMP

  • MEAN

  • Python

  • Django

  • MERN and MEVN

Web App Development

Don’t Have Time To Read Now? Download It For Later.

Before launching every IT project, there are many plans and decision-making processes. This planning phase is critical and can have a significant impact on the future of the project. However, choosing the right tech stack for web development can affect development time, cost, application quality, and scalability, which is why it’s important to make the right decision.

Indeed, choosing a correct web application technology stack is a tough decision to make and you cannot mess it up. So in this blog, you are going to finally receive the answer to the biggest query of all time. How to choose the right technology stack for my web development? 

Below is also the list of top technology stacks to choose from.  Or if you are looking for basics like what a technology stack is? or how it can help you? 

Then this piece of ours is assuredly going into your bookmark stuff. 

So let us just lay the groundwork here for you with the very basic question: what is a technology stack for web development? 

What is a Technology Stack for Web Development?

A tech stack or technology stack for web development is a combination of databases, programming languages, and frameworks used in the creation of websites or web applications.

The technology stack for web application development is usually a mix of front-end and back-end (going to explain later) that include:

Programming languages

Languages are used to communicate instructions in a way that is understandable by the computer.

The Framework

These are libraries of codes written by developers and can help in app development without starting from scratch.

Web server /HTTP servers

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server handles the requests such as file downloads & exchange of emails.

Databases

The databases are used in data storage & organization. Later on, the data can be updated, managed, and retrieved in various ways.

Operating System

It manages the software, hardware, and other applications or resources of a computer.

 

Selecting the right technology stack can be challenging, particularly for small businesses and startups. So before choosing the technology stacks it is necessary for you to have the basic knowledge of front-end and back-end. 

Below is rudimentary knowledge of front-end and back-end technology stacks. Also, this knowledge will help you avoid the challenges that come with the development of web apps. 

frontend and backend

Frontend Technology Stack

The frontend tech stack is the user/client side of the application. This refers to anything a user views and engages with on a screen. The chief purpose of the front-end stack is to create an awesome user experience, on-point internal structures, and an easy-to-use user interface. 

In short, it is responsible for the designing, formatting, and navigation of web apps or websites.

Three Elements of a Frontend Stack

Here are three elements of the frontend tech stack.

(Hypertext Markup Language) HTML

HTML is a markup language that is used to create and display electronic documents (web pages). They are the key to the content placement and management on a web page.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) 

CSS is used for the layout and format of web pages including font styles, sizes, colors, layout, etc. Mostly, the developers also use frameworks like LESS & SASS to make the CSS more manageable.

JavaScript 

It makes web pages more interactive and allows them to implement dynamic features with common frameworks & libraries. Like jQuery, React, Vue, and Angular. 

However, many modern applications now use Typescript rather than Java Script.

 

The front end is an important part of the web app development technology stack. But for the inner workings of a website or app, you need a robust backend too. Think of it as a power station that is going to power the whole system ⚡.

Backend Technology Stack

The backend tech stack is the server side of software development. It attributes to the inner workings of the website or app mostly invisible to the user. The backend tech stack aims to make sure that the operations within the app run properly and smoothly.

Four Elements of Backend Stack

Here are the Four elements of the backend stack.

Programming languages

It creates the logic for the website and apps. The code links the website and the database. Some examples are JavaScript, Python, and PHP.

Framework

Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails (RoR) are a few popular frameworks. The frameworks support the apps based on single programming languages. 

Databases

Most apps need NoSQL or SQL databases. MongoDB, My SQL, and PostgreSQL are popular databases.

Web Servers

The backend servers are required to manage client requests. Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS) are popular and most commonly used web servers.


Read about popular JavaScript back-end and front-end frameworks here

Different tech stacks can be used for web app development. Below are the most popular tech stacks.

technology stacks for web development

How to Choose Tech Stack for Your Web Development?

Selecting the best technology stack for your web applications can be an arduous task. It requires full deliberation and dedication of your time. So to shorten your effort here, there are some parameters below that can help you pick the right technology stack for web application development. 

1. Analyze Your Needs

Before choosing a technology stack it is important that you first give full consideration to the thought i.e. what are the tools that you require to fulfill your vision.

2. Market Research

Do a thorough market research-meaning investigate your competitor and look for the unmet needs as opportunities, your strengths, and your target audience.

3. Growth Strategy

Select the tool which can support your growing customer base without the loss of quality and control and also provides you room for growth.

4. Security & Safety

Security and safety should be your utmost concern so select the tool that can safeguard your web application and user data.

5. Budget-friendly

In the market, some technology stacks have expensive hosting or require other resources. Yet, your interest lies where the financial cost of your product is justified.

6. Product Viability

The best strategy here is to first make a prototype of your product aka MVP and then test it with the target audience to see its utility.

Read everything about the web app development process, features, design cost structure, and trends. 

List of Tech Stacks For Web Development

Here is the list of modern web development stacks to save you time and your finances. Have a look at them and select the best one from the below for your next big project.

1. LAMP

The LAMP is the most classy technology stack present in the market that powers several giants. Such as Facebook, Wikipedia, and Tumblr.

The LAMP stack consists of:

  • Linux (OS)

  • Apache (server)

  • MySQL (database)

  • PHP/Perl/Python (programming language)

  • Linux (OS)

Linux OS is an open-source platform that forms the foundation of the LAMP stack. It’s free & easily customizable with a huge developer community & extensive documentation.

  • Apache

This is fast, secure, reliable,& can handle large amounts of traffic & data. It is a cross-platform and open-source HTTP server that can optimize its performance as required.

  • MySQL

MySQL is a relational database management system (secure data in tabular format). It is a scalable & open-source platform that can handle a vast amount of data. 

  • PHP/Python/Perl

PHP is the most common programming language used with the LAMP stack and is compatible with all servers virtually. It’s easy to learn, with a range of libraries and frameworks. 

Perl and Python are also used in place of PHP.

 

  • Python: It’s highly popular among developers for its readability, easy use, and comprehensibility.

  • Perl: A robust, high level & object-oriented language with difficult syntax complex for beginners.

2. MEAN

MEAN stack is a JavaScript web framework that was used in the development of YouTube, Netflix, and PayPal. It is great for developers who are already familiar with JavaScript or want to expedite their development process. 

The MEAN stack consists of: 

  • Node.js (server)

  • MongoDB (database)

  • Express.js (web framework for Node.js)

  • Angular.js (framework)

  • Node.js

Node.js is an asynchronous server, which is memory efficient and open-source cross-platform. It runs on Windows, Linux, macOS, etc.

  • MongoDB

MongoDB stores a large amount of data in addition to facilitating fast data exchanges between server and client-side and is also cloud compatible.

  • Express.js

This back-end web framework runs on a Node.js server & excels at URL routing & handling HTTP requests. It receives JSON documents from the web framework & processes them so they can be stored in MongoDB.

  • Angular.js

It is an efficient, open-source, & full-length front-end framework. Although it is not strongly connected with the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture.

3. Django

It is a Python web development framework that is flexible & easy to use. It encourages the rapid development of well-organized code. Famous platforms like Instagram and Pinterest are built on it- however, Pinterest moved to Flask.

PS: The Django stack will always have Python & Django but the server and database can vary depending on the preferences.

  • Django (web framework)

  • Python (programming language)

  • MySQL (database)

  • Apache (server)

  • Django Web Framework

It is compatible with various web hosting providers and databases. Also, provides an admin panel, ORM, templates, authentication (via a package), and more.

  • Python

Python is widely used in machine learning applications and also in scientific and numeric computing. It is highly extensible, versatile, and easy to use.

  • Apache

It's a fast, secure, and reliable open-source HTTP server that can handle a large amount of data. It is customizable & improves its performance as required.

  • MySQL

It is a relational database management system (RDBMS) meaning it stores & presents the data in table form. MySQL is open source and deals with large data.

4. MERN

The MEAN stack is quite similar to the MEVN and MEAN stacks and uses React JavaScript library as its front-end framework. This stack is used by famous companies like Facebook, Dropbox, and Airbnb.

The MERN stack consists of:

  • MongoDB (database)

  • React (front-end framework)

  • Express.js (web framework for Node.js)

  • Node.js (server)

  • MongoDB 

It is an open-source database that stores large amounts of data and facilitates efficient data exchange between client & server side, & is cloud compatible.

  • Express.js

Express.js receives JSON documents from the web framework and processes them so that they can be stored in MongoDB.It excels at URL routing & handling HTTP requests.

  • React

It is used as a front-end framework for MERN and uses a component library which makes it easy to reuse the code across all different parts of your application. 

  • Node.js

Node.js  is an asynchronous event-driven JavaScript runtime environment. It’s memory efficient because of being an asynchronous server.

5. MEVN

It utilizes Vue.Js as its front-end framework,  which is a JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces. It has made websites like Alibaba, Behance & GitLab.

The MEVN stack comprises:

  • MongoDB (database)

  • Express.js (web framework for Node.js)

  • Node.js (server)

  • Vue.js (front-end framework)

  • MongoDB

It is an open-source database that stores JSON documents originating from the front-end framework (here from React) after they have been processed by Express.js.

  • Express.js

Express is a back-end framework that runs on a Node.js server. It receives documents from web frameworks and processes them so they can be stored in MongoDB.

  • Vue.js

Vue.js has intuitive and easy-to-read syntax and it is a progressive framework based on MVVM architecture. So adding new features is a simple process. 

  • Node.js

Node.js is an asynchronous server and its memory efficient. In addition to the fact that it is open-source and cross-platform (running Windows, Linux, macOS, etc).

Unleash the Power of Perfect Tech Stack!

With InvoZone Revolutionize Your Web Development Journey.

Schedule a call

With InvoZone: Find Your Perfect Tech Stack For Web Development!

If you are not sure which technology stack will be the perfect match to develop your web application, Contact Us. Our lead software architects will carefully analyze your project requirements and recommend the right front-end technology stack.

 

FAQS Section

What are web technology stacks?

The web technology stack is a collection of software used for web development. It includes a programming language, operating system, database software, and web server (at a minimum).

Which tech stack is best for web development?

Every tech stack is different with different functions so the best stack is the one that serves your web development needs.

What stacks are there for web development?

Here are the top tech stacks to consider

 

  • LAMP

  • MEAN

  • Python

  • Django

  • MERN and MEVN

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Furqan Aziz

Written By:

Furqan Aziz

Furqan Aziz is CEO & Founder of InvoZone. He is a tech enthusiast by heart with 10+ years ... Know more

Fatima Suhail Content Writer

Contributed By:

Fatima Suhail

Senior Content Writer

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