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What is Python?
Python is one of the finest and powerful programming languages these days. It is so versatile that it is an essential tool for most scientific applications. However, it is a general-purpose programming language that supports different programming paradigms.
It is important to understand the difference between back-end and front-end development here. The back-end of a web application is the part that is not accessible to the user and users don’t directly interact with it. It contains all the business logic and server-side programming of the web application.
First, it is important to note what the developer community has to say about these two programming languages. The best matrix to identify the developer’s choice is by assessing the popularity of these programming languages.
Performance is one of the most important factors to keep in mind while developing websites. An application is almost useless if it is not efficient enough. This is the reason that new programming languages try to inculcate as much efficiency and optimization as possible.
However, it is not easy but a very tricky task. This also depends upon the programming language being used for development. Because every programming language has its own built-in rules and methods to enhance efficiency.
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The scalability of a web application is as necessary as oxygen to a person for survival. Consider an application, which is very responsive, interactive, and offers very in-demand services. But, it is unable to handle a large number of requests simultaneously. This will result in a decline in web traffic because if a user opens a website and it does not respond as needed or crashes frequently, but the user will also eventually look for some other speedy alternatives.
Therefore, It is very important for an application to be scalable. Because scalability allows an application to handle a large volume of traffic and requests of requests at a time. To support scalability, multithreading is a very viable solution. But Python does not support multithreading as it works on single-threaded systems. Instead it uses Global Interpreter Lock to deal with multiple requests at a time.
Memory management is yet another important aspect to consider. If a programming language is unable to manage the memory efficiently, it will directly affect the optimization of the website.
In Python, all the variables and data structures are collected in a heap. Python also has its internal memory manager which ensures the management of this heap.
The scope of a programming language defines its versatility. If we talk about the applications or use cases of Python, we come to know that Python is used in web development for the backend. It is also very useful in software development, computational, and scripting systems. It is very popular among data science and machine learning.
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