Top Five Python Development Frameworks for 2022
According to Tiobe’s Programming Community Index for May 2021, Python is the second most popular programming language.
Why wait then? Let's dive in to read more about it.
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Python has shown unexpected yet tremendous growth over the past few years. The programming language has become a developer favorite and has a promising future ahead. It has become an instant choice for the leading tech joints such as Google, Netflix, Instagram for web development.
According to Tiobe’s Programming Community Index for May 2021, Python is the second most popular programming language. Another survey showed “Popularity of Programming Language Index, “python grew the most over the last five years by 19.0%.
This trend shows that Python is here to stay and the python web development frameworks will be leading the way in 2022. To choose or declare one as the best is near to impossible but a list of best python web development frameworks can surely help anyone looking for the best framework for their next project.
While you’re at it, give the linked below article a read for better understanding.
Features of Python
Easy to learn
Python is an easy to learn, read, write and understandable programming language.
- It has a smooth learning curve.
- It has a simple syntax and the code is easy to comprehend.
The readability of Python codes is higher than other and that is why it is easy for beginners. It uses indentation instead of curly braces unlike other programming languages. Resultantly, this makes the code look clean and easy to understand.
The highlighting feature of Python is that it is an object-oriented language. It supports the concept of classes, objects and, encapsulation, etc.
Python comes with IDLE (Interactive Development Environment) which is an interpreter and follows the REPL structure (Read-Evaluate-Print-Loop). It executes and displays the outcome of one a time which makes it easy to trace errors while you’re at it.
Python is not statically-typed and you don’t need to determine data type while defining a variable. The interpreter does this at runtime which makes things easier for programmers but can create runtime errors.
Large standard library
The standard library has many packages and modules with common and important functionality. You can facilitate from the library and don’t have to write everything from scratch.
You can also install packages from the PyPI (Python Package Index) for enhanced functionality.
Large community support
Python has one of the largest and most interactive community on StackOverflow and Meetup. This is a great support in terms of accessibility as you can have your queries answered quickly.
The community does interact over queries and you might find answer to your queries from there as well.
Extensible and embeddable
Python is both extensible and embeddable when it comes to coding. You can use code from other languages like C++ in your python code.
Best Python Development Frameworks for 2022
This article will enlist a few to equip you with useful information regarding the best python frameworks for web development.
Types of Python Frameworks
The full-stack frameworks provide one stop solution to all problems. It provides full support for all basic components; form generations, form validation, and template layouts.
These are lightweight frameworks with no additional features to offer. They don’t offer support for form validation, database abstraction layer and other such functionalities. Developers choosing microframework have to code additionally and add additional requirements manually.
Asynchronous frameworks have recently gained popularity. Any asynchronous framework is essentially a microframework that supports the handling of concurrent connections. It typically uses the programming language’s asyncio library.
Now the list of best python frameworks
Django is a free and open-source Python framework. It facilitates the development of complex codes and apps in record time. It helps the developers to develop quality web applications. It is considered as one of the best python frameworks and is used for the robust development of APIs and web applications.
It streamlines web applications development as it has some of the best features; colossal arrangement of libraries, reusability of components and less coding requirements make it one of the best frameworks to work with.
Recommended read: WHY DJANGO WEB FRAMEWORK IS THE BEST?
Key features of Django
- Facilitates the developers in defining the patterns for the URLs in apps.
- Comes with a built-in authentication system.
- Powerful URL system.
- Object-relational mapper (ORM) support.
- Cache frameworks with support for multiple cache mechanisms.
- The automatic admin interface feature supports customization with features like editing, adding and removing things.
CherryPy has almost completed ten years while proving to be an exceptionally fast and stable framework. It is an open-source Python web web development framework with it’s own multi-hung server. It extends support for all the frameworks that support Python.
It allows developers to quickly build a smaller source of code to form a reliable database. It comes with controller modules and a setup framework making data access, file uploads, templating engines and handling of sessions easier.
Key features of CherryPy
- A consistent HTTP/1.1-compliant WSGI thread-pooled web server.
- Supports the running of multiple HTTP servers simultaneously.
- Comes with embedded tools for encoding, sessions, caching, authentication, static content, and etc.
- Built-in features for profiling, coverage, and testing support
- A powerful configuration system for deployers and developers.
“Flask recorded a revenue of $340.000 in 2020, an increase of 147% from 2019”.
Flask is a lightweight and minimalist Python web development framework perfectly suited to the development of small-scale projects. The framework is making waves because of its simplicity and ease of use in recent years. It follows the micro framework approach and doesn’t include any additional features not needed for the development of small websites or APIs.
It essentially is a microframework for Python following the MVC pattern. It doesn’t just show support for newer versions of Python (starting from version v-0.11), but includes support for Jinja templating, Werkzeug WSGI toolkit, and the Blueprints system.
Key features of Flask
- Simple and easy to use.
- Perfect for small-scale projects.
- Supports newer versions of Python.
- Built-in development server and debugger.
- Flexibility to pick and choose modules of choice.
- Integrated unit testing support to ensure quality code.
Bottle is one of the best Python web frameworks in the category of small scale frameworks. It was originally developed to build web APIs. It executes everything in a single source document. It follows the model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern which includes routing, caching, and template support features.
“Bottle has been downloaded more than 500,000 times from PyPI”.
It helps developers build simplistic personal use apps while making them learn the most useful Python frameworks and prototyping. Netflix has used Bottle to build its web interfaces.
Key features of Bottle
- WSGI framework works with CGI and WSGI internals are easy.
- Built-in tools for caching
- Simplified syntax facilitates spotless and dynamic URL-routes for mapping.
- Speed optimization for high performance and testing.
- Permits easy access for data, cookies, file uploads, and other HTTP-related metadata.
The popularity of the pyramid framework is growing with each passing day and experienced developers are making use of the framework. It runs on Python 3. It follows the model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern. It is known for its flexibility and modularity that perfectly suits the development of large-scale applications. The framework is compatible with Python version v-0.24 and above.
Key features of Pyramid
- Perfectly suited to both small-scale and large-scale projects.
- Comprehensive data documentation feature along with testing and support.
- Flexibility of authentication and approval.
- All-embracing templating and asset details
- URL mapping based on Routes configuration through URL dispatch and WebHelpers
It is a never ending debate in the developers’ community that which one of the two programming languages is better? It is understandably quite difficult to quote one as the clear winner because they have their own features and strengths. For more in-depth review, read the down below linked article.