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According to stats, in 2019, there were around 26.4 million software developers in the world. This number is expected to hit 27.7 million to 28.7 million in 2024.
Software development is evolving at a rapid pace. Every year we see new software development trends emerging and 2021 is no different.
If you are someone who likes to read about the latest advancements in technologies, the you’d probably also be interested in reading about the top trends in software development that we are going to be talking about today.
We have listed down some of the most popular future software development technologies that are expected to bring forth a paradigm shift in the software industry this year.
Top 5 trends in software development we expect to see in 2021
Read down below to find out how what the software development landscape is expected to look like in 2021.
1. Evolution of AI
Artificial intelligence helps businesses enhance and improve their operations and customer experience by collecting customer data that can be used to study consumer behavior, preferences, and much more. According to a stat, it is anticipated that by 2027, 80% of retail executives expect their retail companies to adopt AI-powered intelligent automation.
The use of AI is expected to further grow in the years to come as more and more organizations are becoming aware of the numerous benefits it can provide. One of the AI features that is most sough-after is natural language processing (NPL), that allows computers to read, process, and understand human languages.
As more computer and machines start to take over human functions, we can also expect an increase in awareness of ethical AI which consist of policy statements that outline codes of conduct that ensure that machines respond to situations in an ethical manner.
You might also want to read: 3 BASIC SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT MODELS: WHICH ONE TO CHOOSE?
2. Cybersecurity becoming a top priority
Cybersecurity attacks and intensity keeps increasing each passing year. As cybersecurity measures become stronger and more advanced, so do the attacking methods. According to stats, in 2020, more than 1001 data breaches were reported in the US alone.
With majority of business operations being conducted remotely due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the situation has only worsened making cybersecurity one of the top trends in software development. Let’s look at some of the few predications on what 2021 has in store for cybersecurity:
- Cloud breaches
The number of businesses opting for cloud computing has significantly increased since the onset of the pandemic. But naturally, with an increase in use comes an increase in new challenges as well. Hence, in 2021, we can also expect an increase in cloud breaches, especially on the companies that don’t have strong security measures in place.
- 5G sector
5G is one of the most advanced wireless technologies meant to deliver reliable, high-speed internet connection with ultra-low latency. The technology is expected to have a big effect on areas such as intelligent power grids, defense facilities, and smart cities. However, 5G too would also need strong security measures to ensure that data sent over the system remains secure and protected.
- Cyber insurance
An increase in cyber-attacks would naturally result in an increase in the effort to implement strong cyber security policies. A few companies in the United States have already reported purchasing similar insurance and we can certainly anticipate an overall increase in the pattern in 2021 and coming years.
3. Importance of UX
When it comes to software architecture trends, the importance of user experience can’t be stressed enough. Afterall, who’s going to use the software if it’s not useable. Regardless of the complexity and size of the application, it must have a friendly user-interface. A proper user interface and user experience system can help make applications more robust and successful.
Recently, an increasing number of companies have starting prioritizing user experience when it comes to designing products and services. The ultimate goal is to ensure that the end-user does not have any issues with the application. In 2021 and the years to come, we can expect software engineers to pay more attention to the importance of user interface.
According to the popularity of programming language index, with a growth percentage of 19%, Python is gradually becoming one the most popular programming languages. Being a young language, Python is the latest technology to learn in the IT field.
The majority of newbies are preferring to learn Python language over the other ones due to its easy learning curve. The job market for Python developers is also flourishing with time, making the language one of the major trends in the software development realm.
In a survey performed by Stack Overflow, it was found that Python is that Python is the most popular language among fresh candidates in the software development career. Moreover, another major reason so many people choose to opt for python is because it is a very productive language. Thanks to the simplicity of the language, programmers can easily focus on solving the problem without having to spend too much time on studying the behavior of the language.
Overall, we can expect to see a major increase in the use of the programming language in 2021 and later.
5. Rise of E-Commerce Software
Ecommerce software development is also one of the latest IT trends in the software industry. During the pandemic last year, it was reported that the ecommerce sector reached new heights as people preferred shopping online rather than visiting store physically.
We can expect a major increase in the ecommerce software development even after the pandemic restrictions life. According to Statista, by 2024, the ecommerce market is expected to boost by 22% as compared to 14.1% in 2019.
In order to ensure that customers can easily get what they want from the comfort of their homes, more retail companies will be eager to adopt ecommerce digital solutions, so we can expect it to be one of the biggest hot trends in the IT industry this year.
We can expect to see many innovations in all the areas in software development this year. Organizations and companies are slowly becoming more aware of the advantages that robust software development can provide in terms of financial, societal, and customer care goals which is also leading to an increase in the demand for good software developers.
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